1918 BOSTON RED SOX
The United States of America had been at war for a year, and its citizens were beginning to wonder if baseball was getting its priorities straight. A single gunshot had assassinated the Archduke of Austria-Hungary four years earlier, igniting the Great War and plunging Europe into total armed conflict. America had remained neutral on the other side of the Atlantic, but when German U-boats began to indiscriminately strike at ships with Americans on it, the U.S. declared war on Germany, just days before baseball began its 1917 campaign.
While most minor leagues closed up shop, the majors went forward with their full schedule. Only a handful of players had been drafted into the military; fewer enlisted. Those who continued to play took part in token military “drills” to show their support for the boys overseas. Owners donated fair amounts of cash to the war effort, and rounded up baseball gear for the soldiers—whenever they had time off from the brutal trench warfare.
The American public was not enamored. The majors were hounded to be more active with the war effort, to make truer sacrifices. The owners addressed some of the criticism. They offered that the game’s benefaction to the war effort went beyond bucks and bats; as the national pastime, baseball was keeping stateside spirits and patriotism high.
To make up for the talent shortfall, President Harry Frazee, embarked on an aggressive player acquisition program. The Boston owner swung a pair of deals with Connie Mack’s Philadelphia Athletics to acquire firstbaseman John Stuffy McInnis, outfielder Amos Strunk, pitcher “Bullet” Joe Bush, and catcher Wally Schang. In return, Frazee gave up very little, apart from a declining Larry Gardner, several reserve players, and $60,000 in cash. He then traded for Cincinnati Reds veteran Dave Shean, a good infielder, and bought George Whiteman, a career minor leaguer.
Babe Ruth was one of the Red Sox best pitchers. He was 13-7 with a 2.22 ERA. Down the pennant stretch run however in the month of August, he pitched eight times and won six of those games. Five of the six wins were games where he only allowed one run for a 1.24 ERA. When Babe hit his 10th home run of the year, he became the only player to hit at least 10 homers and win at least 10 games as a pitcher in the same season.
The Red Sox bolted out of the blocks, going a franchise best 11-2 in April, and easily securing first place. Coming off back-to-back twenty win seasons, Babe Ruth was posed for another standout year. He mesmerized Philadelphia on April 15th with a 7-1 gem at Fenway Park, to start his year.
A base hit with one out in the eighth, which Dave Shean valiantly attempted to get in front of, spoiled the night for Carl Mays on April 16th. It was the one and only hit he allowed. However, to take the sting away, the Sox broke a 0-0 tie in the bottom of the ninth inning to win the game for him. It was Everett Scott driving Stuffy McInnis, who had doubled to right, home with the winning run to give Mays a 1-0 win over the Athletics.
In the final game of the series, pinch hitter Wally Schang, with the Red Sox one run behind, the bases loaded and no one out in the last inning, drove in the winning run that gave the "Speed Boys" a walk-off 5 to 4 victory and a sweep of the series with Philly.
The New York Yankees and their new manager, Miller Huggins, lost two games to the Red Sox in a Patriots Day doubleheader at Fenway Park on April 19th. Joe Bush made his Red Sox debut in the first game and beat Allen Russell in a 2 to 1 duel. The afternoon game was all Red Sox in a 9 to 5 win. A sensational catch by Amos Strunk saved it for Joe Bush in the morning and it was lucky for Babe Ruth that the Yankees defense sprung a leak in the afternoon, as the Yankees hit him hard with 13 safeties.
The Yank's Hank Thormahlen's no hitter was spoiled by a ninth inning walk-off victory by the Red Sox over New York on April 23rd, in a 1 to 0 thriller. It was Amos Strunk who slapped a single to spoil it for Thormahlen with one out in the ninth inning. At the time it was a 0-0 pitching duel between him and Joe Bush.
In Philadelphia on April 25th, the Athletics fell to the Red Sox and Carl Mays by a 6 to 0 score. Mays had Mack's men eating out of his hand. It was not until the eighth inning, when they made three hits, two of them being the scratch variety, that the home team was able to score.
Stuffy McInnis and Amos Strunk beat their old buddys from Philly in the next game, when they inserted themselves effectively into this game. The score was 2 to 1 in favor of the Red Sox. It was those former A's were, once again, largely responsible for defeating their old teammates at Shibe Park, by a 4 to 1 score, and making it a three in a row for the Red Sox.
In the final game with the Athletics on April 27th, Stuffy McInnis batted in two of the four runs, while the other two were the responsibility of Strunk and Wally Schang. But it was Joe Bush who kept his former team at bay by pitching a good ball game and picking up his third win.
The Sox continuously hit the ball on the button in the final series game on May 2nd, with Washington and walked away with an 8 to 1 laugher. The Sox jumped out to a lead in the first inning, with Harry Hooper slamming a double to left center. A single by Dave Shean, put Hooper on third, and Otis Strunk's double scored him. Wally Schang singled to center, scoring both Shean and Strunk. The Sox got two more in the third and three in the sixth for Dutch Leonard. The Sox stretched their lead in the American League over Cleveland to 2 1/2 games.
Just a month into the 1918 season, the owners found a critic they couldn’t ignore. He was Provost Marshall General Enoch Crowder, the director of the military draft. He decreed that by July 1st, all draft-eligible men employed in “non-essential” occupations must apply for work directly related to the war, or gamble being called into military service. Despite pleas for leniency from baseball’s owners, Secretary of War Newton D. Baker agreed with Crowder that life as a ballplayer was non-essential. Enlist to help stateside, or risk going to the front lines of Europe.
Feeling that he had the skills to play every day, Babe Ruth badgered manager Ed Barrow to put him in games as an outfielder. Since it was a make-shift war season, Barrow inserted the left-handed hitting Ruth in the lineup against right-handers at first. The gamble paid off. Ruth would go on to hit .300, with 66 RBIs in 317 at bats for Boston, while tying for the league lead in home runs with eleven. Ruth was a one-man wrecking crew in 1918. His home runs came in bunches and he hit them further than anyone had ever seen. In his first three full years at Boston, Ruth averaged a home run every 39 at-bats, while it took 457 for his teammates to eke one out.
On May 4th at the Polo Grounds, Babe hit a ball into the grandstand beating the Yankees, 5 to 4. Two days later, on May 6th, he again hit one into the upper deck at the Polo Grounds. And the next day in Washington, he hit one over the right field wall. On May 9th, in Washington, Ruth made five hits in as many times up, including a triple and three doubles, and one more safety than was made by his colleagues, but the Nationals beat the big left-hander out of a heartbreaking 10 inning game 4 to 3.
On May 10th, a 4 to 1 victory was the result of the first engagement of the season with the St. Louis Browns. Babe Ruth, whose wonderful exhibition of hitting and all round skill, was the redeeming feature of the otherwise disastrous road trip, was in left field. The next day, Babe stung the ball on the nose for three blows, and played a great game at first base.
On May 15th, back at Fenway Park, a mighty ninth inning finish was put over by the Sox against the Tigers. The final count was 5 to 4 with the Sox scoring two runs in the last inning. The wallop that won the prize being kicked in by Harry Hooper.
The next day, Carl Mays did the pitching for the Sox, and it was a good day for the uplift delivery, as he held the Tigers to four scattered hits, with Ty Cobb getting two of them. The final score was the Red Sox 7-2.
It was a wild affair from the outset on May 17th, with the Sox beating the Tigers, 10 to 8. Dutch Leonard did help him win his own game. He got three fine singles and drove in three runs. Babe Ruth, Amos Strunk, and several others prevented the Tigers from winning any games at Fenway Park, with the Sox winning their fourth consecutive game from the Tigers, 3 to 1, on May 18th.
Placing hits all over the field, the Sox marched onward on May 20th, winning their first engagement of the season from the Indians, by a score of 11 to 1 at Fenway Park, their sixth consecutive triumph. Every Sox player, except Wally Schang, got a base hit.
Using the bat, as well as his strong right arm effectively, Joe Bush played a prominent part in the 5 to 1 victory that the Red Sox scored over the Chicago White Sox at Fenway on May 24th. His single to center the ninth, drove over the winning run. He drove in three runs, slammed out two fine hits, and except for a couple of fielding miscues held the White Sox runless until the eighth inning.
In the next game with the White Sox, Chicago's Lefty Williams, in the 10th inning found it necessary to pass Harry Hooper purposely. The following batter, Dave Shean hit a solid liner to deep left field, sending Wally Schang scooting over the plate with the winning walkoff run, 3 to 2.
In the final game of the series, on May 28th, it was another Bush day, and for the second time within four days, timely batting by the "Bullet" proved the undoing of the White Sox. The score was 1 to 0, with Joe driving in the lone score in the fifth inning, while he held the White Sox to one stingy base hit, a single to short right field in the first inning.
While it was cold at Fenway, on May 29th, as the Sox succeeded in making it a frightfully torrid day for the Washington Senators, taking both ends of a doubleheader by scores of 4 to 2 and 3 to 0. The feature of the night game was Sam Jones' thrilling shutout victory over Walter Johnson, holding the Nats to five scattered hits.
The Sox ended the month dividing the games played in another doubleheader. The Sox won the morning contest by a score of 9 to 1 and Washington, taking the afternoon game 4 to 0. The Sox (25-14) finished the month in first place, two games ahead of the Yankees.
The Sox started June in Detroit and Babe Ruth went on a tear, as he hit eight home runs. On June 2nd he hit one into the right field bleachers at Navin Field. He did it again twice over the next two days.
After losing the first two games of the series, on June 3rd, Dutch Leonard pitched a no-hitter, the second of his major league career, shutting out the Tigers 5 to 0. Only 28 Tigers faced Leonard and all but Bobby Veach failed to reach first base. This was in the first inning, when he was passed after two men were out and of course he got no further. The first time, the Babe came to bat, he hit another home run.
The Sox took the final game 7 to 6, putting on a rally in the ninth inning and making the series an even split. The Sox scored three runs in their half of the 6th inning. Harry Hooper opened the inning by bounding one by Donie Bush that was too hot to handle, and it went for a single. He lost no time in stealing second, and scored when Dave Shean singled past first base. Then Babe poked his third home run of the series in the regular place, the right field bleachers, scoring Shean ahead of him.
On June 5th the Sox traveled to Cleveland and Babe's fourth home run in four days, went into the right field screen at Dunn Field. In the next game, with the game scoreless, Harry Hooper started the 10th, with a pass. Dave Shean bunted to to the pitcher, Stan Coveleski, but his throw was wide trying to get Hooper. Amos Strunk then bunted toward third and again Coveleski pounced upon it, and again he tried to head off Hooper. This time his throw to third base was not only wide but too late, and the Sox won 1 to 0.
Dutch Leonard won his own game for the Sox, blanking the Indians 2 to 0, on June 9th. He was a deciding factor in both of the runs scored by his team. In the fifth inning his single to left center moved Everett Scott to third, and in a position to score on Hooper's long sacrifice fly to right. With two outs in the seventh, Wally Schang singled and went to third on Leonard's second safe base hit. Hooper's single scored Schang. Leonard was just as effective with his pitching as with his bat. Holding the Indians at his mercy in the first three innings, he kept them away from the plate in the next six innings, despite the fact that Cleveland persistently got men as far as second and third.
The Red Sox, like many other teams, lost valuable players during the season to the war effort. Team Captain, Dick Hoblitzell was declared eligible for the military draft and passed an examination for the U.S. Army Dental Corps in March. He received his commission as a first lieutenant on June 6th and left the Red Sox three days later. He never played another game in the majors.
On the field in Chicago, on June 10th, the Red Sox to three hits and they won their first game of the year at Comiskey Park, because Joe Bush held the White Sox to only a pair of safe hits. The final score was 1 to 0. After losing the next game, Carl Mays stood the White Sox on their heads on June 12th. Only three widely scattered hits were made off him, winning the game 7 to 0, in the third game of the series. In the final games of the series, the White Sox submitted to another whitewash, making only five hits off Dutch Leonard. The score was 6 to 0. This was the third time, the Sox blanked Chicago in four days.
On June 15th, the Sox played at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis, and Babe Ruth hammered the Browns into submission. The slugger drove over five of the eight runs made by the Red Sox, in the 8 to 4 win. The Browns could only chase around four runs on the eleven hits made off Sam Jones. Babe had four chances to drive in runs and made good on three occasions, with the climax coming in the seventh inning with the score tied. With two on base and two out, all the Babe did was to lift one into the right field bleachers and trot around the bases behind his two teammates.
In the final game of the road trip in St. Louis, on June 17th, the Sox received great pitching from Carl Mays. The end result was 8 to 0. Mays was in grand form, as he allowed only four hits and, with the exception of three of the hits, did not allow the ball out of the infield until the final play, when Ray Demmitt lined one out to Harry Hooper.
When the Sox returned to Boston, on June 20th Dutch Leonard had his classification in the military draft changed. He quit the team to take a job at the Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts.
Baseball was given a reprieve of sorts; the “Work or Fight” deadline was delayed two months to September 1st and even then, the owners had to furiously lobby for a deadline extension for World Series participants. The government reluctantly gave it to them. So while the season would be shortened by another two weeks, it wouldn’t be killed in midstride. But with the vast number of players, an average of 15 per team, drafted or enlisted before the deadline, teams scrambled to replace veteran players with others of lesser quality and experience. Who left and who remained shaped up the balance of power in both pennant races.
On June 21st, Carl Mays was on the very threshold of baseball immortality, but a dinky rap in front of the plate, in the fifth inning was all they kept him from becoming a member of the no-hitter club. It was an easy chance that Wally Schang should have made, but he permitted Mays to make the play and the runner beat the peg to first for the only hit by the Athletics at Fenway. The Red Sox won the ballgame, however, 13 to 0. Dave Shean had four hits, while Harry Hooper and Babe Ruth each had two, including a triple.
In New York, at the Polo Grounds on June 25th, Babe smashed another home run. It was his third one there of the year. In the next game, in the ninth inning, on June 26th, when Babe came to bat, he banged one toward his favorite spot in the right-field stands. It looked like a sure home run, but lost headway just as it reached the grandstand wall, and struck 6 inches below the top of the rail. The ball bounded away, and Ruth got two bases on the clout. It was the first time that he failed to hit for a home run, in a game at the Polo Grounds, this season.
On June 28th, Babe's home run, a terrific smash over the right field wall in the seventh inning, was the only dent, the Red Sox could make in Harry Harper's pitching performance at National Park in Washington. It was Ruth's 10th home run of the season. Babe's final home run of the year came two days later. On June 30th he hit the longest home run ever hit at the ballpark in Washington up until that time. It gave the Sox a 3-1 victory over Walter Johnson. All of Babe Ruth's home runs were on the road.
But with Ruth’s success came problems. With every home run he hit, the Babe’s ego swelled. Never one to adhere to the rules, the thrill-seeking slugger now seemed worse, drinking, gambling and whoring most of his nights away. He made more money that anyone in baseball had ever made and it became inevitable that he would clash with his straight-laced manager. Things came to a head on July 2nd between Ruth and Barrow when Ruth threatened to quit the team and play semi-pro ball in Chester, PA. Owner Harry Frazee was not amused and threatened Ruth with court action since he owned Ruth’s contract. The Babe sheepishly rejoined the team on July 4th.
After having led the American League for most of the season, the team had slipped behind the Cleveland Indians by one game in the AL standings. But with the chastened Babe Ruth back with the team, the Red Sox started winning again. The Sox proceeded to take four of five from the Indians at home.
Babe's home run production stopped, but even though he kept the ball in the park, he was a one-man wrecking crew. On July 6th the Sox were two behind, with two on and none out, Babe hit a smash to the right-field corner for a triple and gave the Sox a 5 to 4 victory over the Tribe.
Against the Indians on July 8th, Babe hit a ball in the 10th inning 3/4 of the way up into the right field bleachers at Fenway Park for a walk-off Red Sox 1-0 victory. The blast into the bleachers was not considered a home run, because Amos Strunk was on first. By the rules in 1918, Babe's smash into the bleachers was only a triple. If it hadn't ended the game, it would have been a home run in any other inning and ultimately the 715th of his career. He never was credited for a home run at Fenway Park in 1918.
It was Wally Mayer, a mere understudy, but who carried all of the select stuff at every star needs, who provided the big climax that sent more than 4000 fans home to dinner happy from Fenway Park on July 9th. His walk-off liner to left, against the Indians, with two down in the 12th inning, supplied Joe Bush, with a 1 to 0 decision. Then on July 10th, Babe Ruth hit a triple to win the game, 2-0 against the same Indians.
On July 11th the Chicago White Sox lost to the Red Sox, 4 to 0, and all Babe did was hit the ball to left field three times, each one for a double. The next day on July 12th, two triples and a double, in four times at bat, was his production, in a 6 to 3 victory over the White Sox and pushing their American League lead over the Indians to 3 1/2 games.
It was another day at the ballpark for Carl Mays when he hung a 3 to 1 defeat on Chicago at Fenway on July 15th. Outside of the seventh inning, when White Sox shoved over a lone run, the visitors could not do anything with Mays. In that inning, when another hit would have caused a bunch of damage, Mays just planted the lid on the trouble in a businesslike way.
With George Whiteman at the plate and getting set to do combat in the final inning, former Sox catcher Les Nunamaker, presented the Sox, with the game, throwing past Fritz Maisel at third while trying to break up a double steal, and permitting Dave Shean too score the winning run, as the Sox defeated the Browns 2 to 1, at Fenway on July 16th.
The next day, everybody got a run for their money. Both sessions of a twin bill were won by the Sox, the first game by a 7 to 0 score, and the second by a 4 to 0 score. Joe Bush pitched in the opening game and was opposed by Rasty Wright, a slender right-hander recruited from Ohio State University. The Sox pounded Wright hard and allowed Bush to take it easy after the Sox got well out in front. Bush got three hits and drove in three of the Red Sox runs. In the second game, Browns pitcher Tom Rogers was an easy mark from the beginning.
On July 19th, Mays earned his 16th win of the season, overpowering the Detroit Tigers 5 to 0 at Fenway. Mays had everything going for him, holding Detroit to three scattered hits and only two of them out of the infield. The Sox stretched their lead in the American league to 5 1/2 games over the Indians.
Off the field that day, in response to a directive by the Secretary of War, Newton Baker, that said all ballplayers of eligible draft age must "Work or Fight" in war related enterprises, most of the minor leagues ended their seasons. Major League teams scrambled to sign the players. Because of the shortage of players, the Red Sox were forced to play college and minor league players. Players with names like Jack Stansbury, George Cochran, Eusebio Gonzalez, and Red Bluhm appeared in 1918 and were never heard of again.
Meanwhile, major league players, such as Babe Ruth, fielded offers to play for the company sponsored teams of war related industries. American League President Ban Johnson, National League President John Tenner, and the owners of the teams, worked out a compromise with the War Department to shorten the season and end it at Labor Day, with the World Series held right after.
On July 20th, before 13,500 fans, the largest crowd that has seen a game at Fenway Park this season, the Red Sox beat Ty Cobb and the other Detroit Tigers, 5 to 1. But on that peaceful midsummer morning on Cape Cod, out of the haze a big German submarine probably 400 feet long, came to the surface. After an hour and a half of shelling, in which several hundreds of shells were fired, the sub exceeded in sending to the bottom of Nauset Harbor, a coal barge and a barge loaded with stone damaging, a fourth barge, and setting a tugboat on fire. On the barges were 12 men, four women and two boys, all of whom were rescued. The crew of the oceangoing tug comprised 16 men, all of whom got off safely in the boats. Baseball now seemed less important.
Playing the most games at third base was 25-year old Fred Thomas. Thomas had arguably the most interesting season of any member of the Red Sox. He left the team and was at his Wisconsin home for his pre-induction physical. He went to Great Lakes Naval Air Station as a sailor. The base was located in Chicago, and its commander, Captain William Moffett, was a baseball fan. Thomas later said the command was attractive to a large number of talented players. He was a member of two championship teams, the Red Sox and his Great Lakes team took the Navy Championship.
Realizing that the pennant and World Series were now close at hand, the Red Sox got down to business and beat White Sox with a seventh inning rally, by a score of 6 to 4 at Comiskey Park on July 27th. The credit for the victory lies in the prowess of Joe Bush, who not only hurled a steady game, but produced the staggering blow with his bat in the seventh inning.
On July 29th, Babe Ruth took a turn on the pitcher's mound at Sportsman Park and hurled and batted the Sox to a 3 to 2 victory over the Browns. The Babe held St. Louis to four hits, three of them being bunched in the sixth inning. At bat, Ruth got only one hit in four times up, but this it was a triple to left-center.
In the next game, five pitchers, eleven runs, fourteen base hits and great support in the field gave the Sox and 11 to 4 victory over the Browns. The Sox made it three straight over the Browns by taking the third game of the series. The game was interesting until the final inning, when the Sox chased over four runs and won the game 8 to 4.
St. Louis catcher, Hank Severeid's wild throw of Wally Mayer's intended sacrifice bunt, was the decisive play in the fourth and final game of the series with the Browns on August 1st. It permitted the winning run to score in the first half of the eighth inning, giving the Red Sox 2 to 1 victory, with Babe Ruth on the mound.
With a 5 1/2 game lead, the Sox went to Cleveland to face-off with the second place Indians. After losing the first two games, the Sox on August 4th sent Babe to the mound in the first game of a doubleheader. It was a must win game and Ruth had to pitch a great ballgame. Babe did and not only did he drive in the Sox first run, but he also held the Tribe to just four hits. The Sox lost the second game however and left Cleveland with the Indians two games closer to them.
In Detroit on August 6th, Carl Mays was not puzzling to the Tigers at all. Then came a change that resulted in the 7 to 5 victory for the Sox in 10 innings. The Tigers beat the Sox the next day, but the Sox wound up the Detroit series with a 4 to 1 victory on August 8th, behind Babe Ruth's pitching. He had plenty of stuff in reserve on the few occasions which Tiger hitters threatened to start trouble.
Back at Fenway, the Yankees started the Fenway homestand by sweeping the Sox. The the Chicago White Sox came to town. On August 14th, the Red Sox trimmed the White Sox' Reb Russell for the first time in four meetings by a score of 5 to 3. After losing the next game, the Red Sox hung a 2-0 win in the final game of the series with Chicago on August 16th. Joe Bush held them to only five hits.
A crucial showdown with the Indians started on August 17th. With the lead only two games, Babe Ruth pitched the Sox to a 2 to 0 shutout victory. Sam Jones shutout the Indians 6 to 0 on August 19th, holding his former teammates to just two hits. The Sox had now won 10 out of 19 games from Cleveland. The Indians, before leaving town, kicked the stuffing out of the Red Sox by a score of 8-4, but ended up losing a game in the standings. The Sox were three games ahead of them.
On August 21st, the St. Louis Browns opened their series at Fenway by having the Sox beat them 4 to 1, and in the process Carl Mays posted his 19th victory of the season. Two days later, on August 23rd, Sam Jones managed to squeeze through a 6 to 5 win over the Browns. There were two out in the ninth and the Sox had two men on. the Browns' catcher, Hank Severeid threw high to Fritz Maisel at third, trying to break up a double steal by Ruth and Amos Strunk, allowing Strunk to skip in with the winning run.
The Sox were held to just four hits, on August 24th, two of which were infield hits yet the Sox won the ballgame 3 to 1. Babe Ruth pitched and it is fair to say he did not pitch well, but when he stole home in the second inning, it appeared that he suffered a wrenched knee. However, the Babe finished the game and held the Browns to five hits, only two of them getting beyond the infield. With only ten games left in the season, the Sox lead over Cleveland was four games.
The Tigers came into Fenway and took the first two games played. But in the third game, on August 28th, Harry Hooper went on a batting spree and Sam Jones, shut out Detroit, winning three to nothing in the final game of the season between these two teams. The Tigers were again without Ty Cobb, who reported for military duty and is now a captain in the Chemical Warfare Service. Harry Hooper had a pair of doubles and a triple that banged up the pitching of Hooks Dauss.
On August 30th the Sox and the Athletics played a Fenway doubleheader. Carl Mays had his submarine ball dominate the Athletics starting both games. The first game was a romp, the Sox registering a 12 to 0 victory. It was plain to see before the first game got going, that the Macks would never catch the boys from Fenway and Mays just stuck the ball over the plate, taking it easy, and grooming himself for the encore in the afternoon. Mays (21-13) had a fine day, winning his 20th and 21st games, pitching and hitting well, fielding his position with his normal class.
A 6 to 1 victory over the Athletics in the first half of a doubleheader, on August 31st, brought the American League championship back to Boston. Babe Ruth pitched in the opener for the Red Sox and held Philly three blows. After resting for the first few innings of the second game he went in to play centerfield.
The Cubs, led by Jim “Hippo” Vaughn and George “Lefty” Tyler won the National League, in spite of a late season challenge by the New York Giants. The earliest World Series on record kicked off on September 5th at Weeghman Park in Chicago.
The Red Sox, behind Babe Ruth secured a 1-0 victory in Game #1. During the seventh inning break, on a whim, a patriotic move was started by a brass band that struck up “The Star Spangled Banner” to the express delight of the fans and players. And thus, a time-honored tradition was born at baseball games forever after.
Joe Bush was given the starting assignment for Game #2 against “Lefty” Tyler. The two dueled each other brilliantly with Tyler coming out on the end of a 3-1 victory for the Cubs. In Game #3, working on short rest, “Hippo” Vaughn pitched well enough to win, but was let down by an anemic offense in a 2-1 loss to Carl Mays.
Having taken two out of three in Chicago, the Red Sox were confident when they came to Boston for Game #4. The excitement stopped when Babe Ruth injured his hand on the train rough-housing with Walt Kinney. In spite of his injury Ruth took the mound and battled “Lefty” Tyler. Ruth pitched seven shutout innings, in spite of not being able to grip the ball tight enough to pitch an effective curve. The Cubs wasted another of his fine pitching performance by Tyler to lose the fourth game by a 3-2 score.
In a move precipitated by greed, the league decided to announce that they would have to give the players a smaller share of the money generated by the World Series. Both the Red Sox and Cubs players decided to stage a boycott against the owners before Game #5. The players finally agreed to play the game for the sake of the fans.
When the players came out on the field an hour late, they were booed by the crowd. Only the actions of the mayor, John “Honey Fitz” Fitgerald, who came out on the field with a megaphone, telling the crowd that it was the players who agreed to compete for the fans, did the boos turn to cheers. The game progressed and it was “Hippo” Vaughn, who finally prevailed and shutout the Red Sox, winning the game 3-0, on five hits.
For Game #6, the crowd was small in response to the antics of the day before. Despite their lack of hometown support, the Red Sox took the game by a 2-1 score, thus earning the World Champion title for the fourth time in seven years. It would be the last time the Red Sox would win the World Series for 86 years.
The week after the season ended, Babe Ruth refereed a local boxing tournament and attended the George Cheney – Lew Tendler fight in Philadelphia on September 18th. The Babe mulled over at least seven shipyard offers and a motion picture producer contacted him about a possible film with him offering baseball tips.
Ruth turned down an offer to play ball in California's War Service League, but did grab his bat and glove for a few games in New England. On September 15th he pitched a 1 to 0 shutout for the Polish Club before a huge crowd in Hartford, Connecticut. Reports of how much Ruth was paid varied from $350-$1300.
A week later, the Babe relieved Walter Johnson in an exhibition game against the New Haven Colonials. Ruth wasn't the only Red Sox player playing in exhibition games. Joe Bush, Wally Schang, Wally Mayer, Amos Strunk, Sam Jones, Everett Scott, Sam Agnew and Hack Miller formed a barnstorming club with several other major league players. The team was advertised as the "Red Sox". After a loss to the Baltimore Dry-docks and Shipbuilding Company, Harry Frazee caught wind of the operation and demanded that they stop using the name Red Sox.
On September 25th, Babe Ruth accepted a job with the Bethlehem Steel Company. He and his wife relocated to Lebanon, Pennsylvania. The "Red Sox" now billing themselves as the "All-Stars", played the Babe and his Lebanon mates in a barnstorming game. Babe played first base, batted fourth and struck out twice against Joe Bush, who three hit the Lebanon team, and won 4 to 2.
The sudden influx of it players into the shipyard industry wasn't helpful. Many were hired as ringers, just the play on company teams and assigned nominal duties such as carrying blueprints or paint cans from one spot to another. More than 2000 workers at the Camps Shipyard near Philadelphia, went on strike, protesting that ballplayers and actors had been given supervisory jobs and never really worked.
|11/16/1917||Jack Barry, Chick Shorten, Mike McNally and Ernie Shore report to the Charlestown Navy Yard|
|11/27/1917||Del Gainor joins the Navy|
|12/02/1917||Hal Janvrin joins the Army Signal Corps|
|12/14/1917||Herb Pennock and Lore Bader join the Navy|
|12/15/1917||Joe Bush, Amos Strunk, and Wally Schang are traded from the Athletics to the Red Sox|
|12/23/1917||Sam Jones joins the Army|
|01/09/1918||Stuffy McInnis is sold to the Red Sox by the Philadelphia Athletics|
|01/30/1918||Jimmy Walsh joins the Navy|
|02/08/1918||The Red Sox resign Everett Scott|
|02/12/1918||Ed Barrow is hired to be Red Sox manager|
|02/14/1918||Johnny Evers signs with the Red Sox|
|03/01/1918||Larry Gardner, Hick Cady and Tilly Walker are sent to the Philadelphia Athletics|
|03/02/1918||The Red Sox purchase Hank Eibel from Richmond|
|03/06/1918||Dick Hoblitzell will play with the Red Sox|
|SPRING TRAINING DIARY|
|03/10/1918||The Red Sox leave for Hot Springs|
|03/11/1918||The Red Sox arrive in Hot Springs|
|03/12/1918||First workout at Majestic Park|
|03/13/1918||Practice with 90 deg temps|
|03/14/1918||Wally Schang plays at third base|
|03/15/1918||Bob Fisher arrives in camp|
|03/16/1918||Johnny Evers plays shortstop with pep ... Scott, Whiteman, Smith, Strunk and Thomas arrive|
|03/17/1918||Brooklyn Robins||W||11-1||Babe Ruth homers twice|
|03/18/1918||Harry Hooper arrives in camp|
|03/19/1918||Workout at Majestic Park ... Babe Ruth hits two more home runs|
|03/20/1918||Dick Hoblitzell arrives in camp|
|03/21/1918||Dutch Leonard arrives in camp ... Babe Ruth hits four home runs|
|03/22/1918||Regulars vs Yannigans game rained out|
|03/23/1918||Dick Hoblitzell is named team captain|
|03/24/1918||Brooklyn Robins Rookies||W||18-8||Red Sox Yannigans romp|
|03/25/1918||Ed Barrow initiates a hand signal system|
|03/26/1918||Red Sox start calisthenics program ... Sam Jones rejoins the team|
|03/29/1918||Red Sox lease on Majestic Park is cancelled for 1919|
|03/30/1918||Brooklyn Robins||W||4-3||Babe Ruth with a walk-off|
|03/31/1918||Brooklyn Robins at Little Rock, AK||W||7-4|
|04/01/1918||Brooklyn Robins at Little Rock, AK||W||3-2||Sox trade for Dave Shean|
|04/02/1918||Brooklyn Robins at Dallas, TX||W||7-6||18 innings|
|04/03/1918||Bill Carrigan denies rumors that he will join the Red Sox as a pitching coach|
|04/04/1918||Brooklyn Robins at Austin, TX||W||10-4||Dave Shean goes 5 for 5|
|04/05/1918||Brooklyn Robins at Austin, TX||L||5-3|
|04/06/1918||Brooklyn Robins at New Orleans, LA||pp||
|04/07/1918||Brooklyn Robins at New Orleans, LA||L||4-3||13 innings|
|04/08/1918||Brooklyn Robins at Mobile, AL||T||6-6|
|04/09/1918||Brooklyn Robins at Birmingham, AL||L||3-1|
|04/10/1918||The Red Sox leave Chattanooga and head home|
|04/12/1918||The Red Sox arrive home in Boston and are greeted by a snowstorm|
|04/13/1918||The Sox work out in the Harvard cage ... Johnny Evers is offered a manager's job in Jersey City|
|04/15/1918||1-0||1st||-||Philadelphia Athletics||W||7-1||Babe Ruth||1-0|
|04/16/1918||2-0||1st||+1/2||Philadelphia Athletics||W||1-0||Carl Mays||1-0|
|04/17/1918||3-0||1st||+1||Philadelphia Athletics||W||5-4||Dutch Leonard||1-0|
|04/19/1918||4-0||1st||+1 1/2||New York Yankees||W||2-1||Joe Bush||1-0|
|04/20/1918||6-0||1st||+2||New York Yankees||W||4-3||Carl Mays||2-0|
|04/22/1918||6-1||1st||+1 1/2||New York Yankees||L||11-4||Dutch Leonard||1-1|
|04/23/1918||7-1||1st||+1 1/2||New York Yankees||W||1-0||Joe Bush||2-0|
|04/24/1918||7-2||1st||+1 1/2||at Philadelphia Athletics||L||3-0||Babe Ruth||2-1|
|04/25/1918||8-2||1st||+1 1/2||at Philadelphia Athletics||W||6-1||Carl Mays||3-0|
|04/26/1918||9-2||1st||+2||at Philadelphia Athletics||W||2-1||Dutch Leonard||2-1|
|04/27/1918||10-2||1st||+2||at Philadelphia Athletics||W||4-1||Joe Bush||3-0|
|04/28/1918||10-2||1st||+2||at Bridgeport All Stars||W||7-0|
|04/30/1918||11-2||1st||+3||Washington Nationals||W||8-1||Babe Ruth||3-1|
|05/01/1918||11-3||1st||+2 1/2||Washington Nationals||L||5-0||Carl Mays||3-1|
|05/02/1918||12-3||1st||+2 1/2||Washington Nationals||W||8-1||Dutch Leonard||3-1|
|05/03/1918||12-4||1st||+1 1/2||at New York Yankees||L||3-2||Joe Bush||3-1|
|05/04/1918||12-5||1st||+1 1/2||at New York Yankees||L||5-4||Babe Ruth||3-2|
|05/05/1918||12-5||1st||1 1/2||at Doherty Silk Sox||W||5-1|
|05/06/1918||12-6||1st||+2||at New York Yankees||L||10-3||Carl Mays||3-2|
|05/07/1918||12-7||1st||+1||at Washington Nationals||L||7-2||Dutch Leonard||3-2|
|05/08/1918||12-8||1st||+1||at Washington Nationals||L||14-4||Joe Bush||3-2|
|05/09/1918||12-9||2nd||-||at Washington Nationals||L||4-3||Babe Ruth||3-3|
|05/10/1918||13-9||2nd||-||St. Louis Browns||W||4-1||Carl Mays||4-2|
|05/11/1918||13-10||2nd||-||St. Louis Browns||L||4-2||Dutch Leonard||3-3|
|05/13/1918||14-10||1st||+1/2||St. Louis Browns||W||7-5||Joe Bush||4-2|
|05/14/1918||14-10||1st||+1/2||St. Louis Browns||pp|
|05/15/1918||15-10||1st||+1 1/2||Detroit Tigers||W||5-4||Babe Ruth||4-3|
|05/16/1918||16-10||1st||+1 1/2||Detroit Tigers||W||7-2||Carl Mays||5-2|
|05/17/1918||17-10||1st||+1 1/2||Detroit Tigers||W||11-8||Dutch Leonard||3-4|
|05/18/1918||18-10||1st||+2 1/2||Detroit Tigers||W||3-1||Joe Bush||5-2|
|05/20/1918||19-10||1st||+3||Cleveland Indians||W||11-1||Carl Mays||6-2|
|05/21/1918||19-11||1st||+2 1/2||Cleveland Indians||L||6-5||Dutch Leonard||4-4|
|05/22/1918||19-11||1st||+2 1/2||Cleveland Indians||pp|
|05/23/1918||19-12||1st||+2||Cleveland Indians||L||1-0||Sam Jones||0-1|
|05/24/1918||20-12||1st||+2||Chicago White Sox||W||5-4||Joe Bush||6-2|
|05/25/1918||21-12||1st||+3||Chicago White Sox||W||3-2||Carl Mays||7-2|
|05/27/1918||21-13||1st||+1 /12||Chicago White Sox||L||6-4||Dutch Leonard||4-5|
|05/28/1918||22-13||1st||+2 /12||Chicago White Sox||W||1-0||Joe Bush||7-2|
|05/29/1918||23-13||1st||+2 /12||Washington Nationals||W||4-2||Carl Mays||8-2|
|24-13||1st||+2 /12||W||3-0||Sam Jones||1-1|
|05/30/1918||25-13||1st||+2 /12||Washington Nationals||W||9-1||Dutch Leonard||5-5|
|06/01/1918||25-15||1st||+1||at Detroit Tigers||L||4-3||Carl Mays||8-3|
|06/02/1918||25-16||1st||+1||at Detroit Tigers||L||4-3||Babe Ruth||4-4|
|06/03/1918||26-16||1st||+2||at Detroit Tigers||W||5-0||
|06/04/1918||27-16||1st||+3||at Detroit Tigers||W||7-6||Carl Mays||9-3|
|06/05/1918||27-17||1st||+2||at Cleveland Indians||L||5-4||Joe Bush||7-3|
|06/06/1918||28-17||1st||+2||at Cleveland Indians||W||1-0||Sam Jones||2-1|
|06/07/1918||28-18||1st||+1||at Cleveland Indians||L||14-7||Babe Ruth||4-5|
|06/08/1918||28-19||2nd||-||at Cleveland Indians||L||3-1||Carl Mays||9-4|
|06/09/1918||29-19||1st||+1||at Cleveland Indians||W||2-0||Dutch Leonard||7-5|
|06/10/1918||30-19||1st||+1 1/2||at Chicago White Sox||W||1-0||Joe Bush||8-3|
|06/11/1918||30-20||1st||+1 1/2||at Chicago White Sox||L||4-1||Sam Jones||2-2|
|06/12/1918||31-20||1st||+2 1/2||at Chicago White Sox||W||7-0||Carl Mays||10-4|
|06/13/1918||32-20||1st||+2 1/2||at Chicago White Sox||W||6-0||Dutch Leonard||8-5|
|06/14/1918||32-21||1st||+1 1/2||at St. Louis Browns||L||5-4||Joe Bush||8-4|
|06/15/1918||33-21||1st||+2 1/2||at St. Louis Browns||W||8-4||Sam Jones||3-2|
|06/16/1918||33-22||1st||+1 1/2||at St. Louis Browns||L||2-1||Dutch Leonard||8-6|
|06/17/1918||34-22||1st||+2||at St. Louis Browns||W||8-0||Carl Mays||11-4|
|06/19/1918||34-23||1st||+1||Philadelphia Athletics||L||5-0||Joe Bush||8-5|
|06/20/1918||34-24||1st||+1||Philadelphia Athletics||L||2-0||Sam Jones||3-3|
|35-24||1st||+1 1/2||W||3-0||Vince Molyneaux||1-0|
|06/21/1918||36-24||1st||+2 1/2||Philadelphia Athletics||W||13-0||Carl Mays||12-4|
|06/23/1918||36-24||1st||+2||at Hartford Senators||pp|
|06/24/1918||36-25||1st||+1||at New York Yankees||L||3-2||Joe Bush||8-6|
|06/25/1918||37-25||1st||+2||at New York Yankees||W||7-3||Sam Jones||4-3|
|06/26/1918||37-26||1st||+1||at New York Yankees||L||3-1||Carl Mays||12-5|
|06/27/1918||37-27||2nd||-||at New York Yankees||L||7-5||Joe Bush||8-7|
|06/28/1918||37-28||2nd||-1||at Washington Nationals||L||3-1||Lore Bader||0-1|
|06/29/1918||38-28||2nd||-||at Washington Nationals||W||3-1||Sam Jones||5-3|
|06/30/1918||39-28||1st||+1/2||at Washington Nationals||W||3-1||Carl Mays||13-5|
|07/02/1918||39-29||2nd||-||at Washington Nationals||L||3-0||Joe Bush||8-8|
|07/03/1918||39-30||2nd||-||at Philadelphia Athletics||L||6-0||Lore Bader||0-2|
|07/04/1918||40-30||2nd||-||at Philadelphia Athletics||W||11-9||Sam Jones||6-3|
|07/05/1918||41-31||2nd||-1/2||at Philadelphia Athletics||W||4-3||Babe Ruth||5-5|
|07/06/1918||42-31||1st||+1/2||Cleveland Indians||W||5-4||Joe Bush||9-8|
|07/08/1918||43-31||1st||+1 1/2||Cleveland Indians||W||1-0||Sam Jones||7-3|
|07/09/1918||44-32||1st||+1 1/2||Cleveland Indians||W||1-0||Joe Bush||10-8|
|07/10/1918||45-32||1st||+2 1/2||Cleveland Indians||W||2-0||Lore Bader||1-2|
|07/11/1918||46-32||1st||+2 1/2||Chicago White Sox||W||4-0||Carl Mays||14-7|
|07/12/1918||47-32||1st||+3 1/2||Chicago White Sox||W||6-3||Sam Jones||8-3|
|07/13/1918||47-33||1st||+2 1/2||Chicago White Sox||L||5-0||Joe Bush||10-9|
|07/15/1918||48-33||1st||+3||Chicago White Sox||W||3-1||Carl Mays||15-7|
|07/16/1918||49-33||1st||+4||St. Louis Browns||W||2-1||Sam Jones||9-3|
|07/17/1918||50-33||1st||+5||St. Louis Browns||W||7-0||Joe Bush||11-9|
|51-33||1st||+5 1/2||W||4-0||Babe Ruth||6-5|
|07/18/1918||51-34||1st||+4 1/2||St. Louis Browns||L||6-3||Lore Bader||1-3|
|07/19/1918||52-34||1st||+5 1/2||Detroit Tigers||W||3-1||Carl Mays||16-7|
|07/20/1918||53-34||1st||+6||Detroit Tigers||W||5-1||Sam Jones||10-3|
|07/22/1918||54-34||1st||+6||Detroit Tigers||W||1-0||Joe Bush||12-9|
|55-34||1st||+6 1/2||W||3-0||Carl Mays||17-7|
|07/25/1918||55-35||1st||+6||at Chicago White Sox||L||4-2||Carl Mays||17-8|
|07/26/1918||55-36||1st||+5||at Chicago White Sox||L||7-2||Sam Jones||10-4|
|07/27/1918||56-36||1st||+5||at Chicago White Sox||W||6-4||Joe Bush||13-9|
|07/28/1918||56-37||1st||+4 1/2||at Chicago White Sox||L||8-0||Carl Mays||17-9|
|07/29/1918||57-37||1st||+5||at St. Louis Browns||W||3-2||Babe Ruth||7-5|
|07/30/1918||58-37||1st||+4 1/2||at St. Louis Browns||W||14-4||Sam Jones||11-4|
|07/31/1918||59-37||1st||+4 1/2||at St. Louis Browns||W||8-4||Joe Bush||14-9|
|08/01/1918||60-37||1st||+5 1/2||at St. Louis Browns||W||2-1||Babe Ruth||8-5|
|08/02/1918||60-38||1st||+4 1/2||at Cleveland Indians||L||6-3||Carl Mays||17-10|
|08/03/1918||60-39||1st||+3 1/2||at Cleveland Indians||L||5-1||Sam Jones||11-5|
|08/04/1918||61-39||1st||+4 1/2||at Cleveland Indians||W||2-1||Babe Ruth||9-5|
|61-40||1st||+3 1/2||L||2-0||Joe Bush||14-10|
|08/06/1918||62-40||1st||+3 1/2||at Detroit Tigers||W||7-5||Carl Mays||18-10|
|08/07/1918||62-41||1st||+3 1/2||at Detroit Tigers||L||11-9||Joe Bush||14-11|
|08/08/1918||63-41||1st||+3 1/2||at Detroit Tigers||W||4-1||Babe Ruth||10-5|
|08/10/1918||63-42||1st||+3 1/2||New York Yankees||L||5-1||Joe Bush||14-12|
|08/11/1918||63-43||1st||+3||New York Yankees||pp|
|08/12/1918||63-44||1st||+2||New York Yankees||L||2-1||Babe Ruth||10-6|
|08/14/1918||64-44||1st||+2||Chicago White Sox||W||5-3||Sam Jones||12-5|
|08/15/1918||64-45||1st||+2||Chicago White Sox||L||6-2||Carl Mays||18-12|
|08/16/1918||65-45||1st||+2||Chicago White Sox||W||2-0||Joe Bush||15-12|
|08/17/1918||66-45||1st||+3||Cleveland Indians||W||4-2||Babe Ruth||11-6|
|08/18/1918||66-45||1st||+3||at New Haven Colonials||W||4-3|
|08/19/1918||67-45||1st||+4||Cleveland Indians||W||6-0||Sam Jones||13-5|
|08/20/1918||67-46||1st||+3||Cleveland Indians||L||8-4||Babe Ruth||11-7|
|08/21/1918||68-46||1st||+3||St. Louis Browns||W||4-1||Carl Mays||19-12|
|08/22/1918||68-47||1st||+3||St. Louis Browns||L||1-0||Joe Bush||15-13|
|08/23/1918||69-47||1st||+3||St. Louis Browns||W||6-5||Sam Jones||14-5|
|08/24/1918||70-47||1st||+4||St. Louis Browns||W||3-1||Babe Ruth||12-7|
|08/26/1918||70-48||1st||+3 1/2||Detroit Tigers||L||6-3||Carl Mays||19-13|
|08/27/1918||70-49||1st||+2 1/2||Detroit Tigers||L||2-1||Joe Bush||15-14|
|08/28/1918||71-49||1st||+3 1/2||Detroit Tigers||W||3-0||Sam Jones||15-5|
|08/29/1918||71-49||1st||+3 1/2||Philadelphia Athletics||pp|
|08/30/1918||72-49||1st||+3 1/2||Philadelphia Athletics||W||12-0||Carl Mays||20-13|
|73-49||1st||+3 1/2||W||4-1||Carl Mays||21-13|
|08/31/1918||74-49||1st||+3 1/2||Philadelphia Athletics||W||6-1||Babe Ruth||13-7|
|09/02/1918||75-50||1st||+3||at New York Yankees||W||3-2||Sam Jones||16-5|
|75-51||1st||+2 1/2||L||4-3||Jean Dubuc||0-1|
|THE WORLD SERIES|
|09/04/1918||Game #1 rained out|
|09/05/1918||1-0||Game #1||at Chicago Cubs||W||1-0||Babe Ruth||1-0|
|09/06/1918||1-1||Game #2||at Chicago Cubs||L||3-1||Joe Bush||0-1|
|09/07/1918||2-1||Game #3||at Chicago Cubs||W||2-1||Carl Mays||1-0|
Players hold meetings to question their largely reduced share of World Series money
|09/09/1918||3-1||Game #4||Chicago Cubs||W||3-2||Babe Ruth||2-0|
|09/10/1918||3-2||Game #5||Chicago Cubs||L||3-0||Sam Jones||0-1|
|09/11/1918||4-2||Game #6||Chicago Cubs||W||2-1||Carl Mays||2-0|
Players receive their checks and autograph many baseballs before heading home
|1918 RED SOX BATTING & PITCHING|
While many players performing stateside duties were accused of receiving preferential treatment, others in Europe clearly were not. Grover Cleveland Alexander, one of the game’s best pitchers of the day, served the front lines of France and suffered from shellshock, loss of hearing, and developed symptoms of epilepsy that later would drive him toward alcohol abuse.
Ty Cobb and Christy Mathewson were part of a gas defense drill gone horribly wrong; Cobb escaped unharmed, but Mathewson inhaled a fair amount of poison gas. He gradually deteriorated and died of tuberculosis seven years later at the age of 45. Five men with major league experience died in battle, including Eddie Grant, a veteran National League infielder.
Rumor abounded that if war continued into 1919, the majors would cease operations completely. It became a moot point when Germany formally surrendered on November 11, 1918, ending the Great War (World War I)
Major league owners had already done what they could to recoup their losses from the war-shortened campaign of 1918. When the season ended on September 1st, they released al players as free agents, and then with a wink and a nod to one another, signed them back to the same teams for the 1919 season, in effect saving $200,000 in player salaries they otherwise would have had to pay. When the ballplayers returned to life as normal, they fumed over the lost wages again setting the stage for the Chicago "Black" Sox scandal.